Columbia SRP student Brandilyn Peters, along with her CU SRP colleagues, found that study participants with lower plasma GSH and more oxidized plasma EhGSH were at risk of increased As-induced inflammation. Their paper, “Arsenic exposure, inflammation, and renal function in Bangladeshi adults: Effect modification by plasma glutathione redox potential” was published online in the April edition of Free Radical and Biology Medicine. The printed version should be available soon.
Arsenic exposure may cause inflammation and renal dysfunction via induction of oxidative stress. The plasma glutathione redox potential reflects an individual’s exposure to oxidative stress which may modify risk for arsenic-induced health outcomes. In a cross-sectional study of Bangladeshi adults, we tested whether arsenic exposure was associated with increased inflammation and decreased renal function, and whether these effects were stronger among those with a more oxidized plasma glutathione redox potential. Water, blood, and urinary arsenic were positively associated with plasma C-reactive protein, a biomarker of inflammation, only in participants with a more oxidized plasma glutathione redox potential. Blood and urinary arsenic had marginal negative associations with estimated glomerular filtration rate, and these associations were not significantly modified by the plasma glutathione redox potential. Antioxidants should be explored as a treatment to prevent arsenic-induced inflammation.
Peters BA, Liu X, Hall MN, Ilievski V, SlavkovichV, Siddique AB, Alam S, Islam T, Graziano JH and Gamble MV. Arsenic exposure, inflammation and renal function in Bangladeshi adults: effect modification by plasma glutathione redox potential. Free Rad Biol Med April 23, 2015 (ePub ahead of print). DOI:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.04.020.