Funding for the development of the website was provided by the NIEHS Superfund Research Program as part of the Research Translation Core of Columbia University's Health Effects and Geochemistry of Arsenic and Manganese Project. Dan Miller, Rockland County Hydrologist and Sheng-Lu Soong, Chief Chemist of United Water New York have been steady suppliers of critical information about water supply and water quality in Rockland County. Bradfield Lyon, Nicholas Christie-Blick and Yekaterina Gluzberg of Columbia University were instrumental in the origins of this site through the publication of their 2005 article "Water Shortages, Development and Drought in Rockland County, New York". Kytt MacManus, Geographic Information Specialist (CIESIN), created all the maps. Meredith Golden and Mark Becker of CIESIN provided early guidance in the development of the site and continue to support the team's outreach efforts. Ed Cook from the Tree Ring Lab at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory provided the historical drought analysis based on tree rings. Catherine Tozer and Daphnee Fromentin provide ongoing administrative support to the project team. Paul Heisig of the USGS in Albany has been generous with his time in discussing interim results from his long term water resources assessment project in Rockland County. Darcy Casteilro from Assemblywoman Ellen Jaffe's staff and Mary Hegarty from the Rockland County Division of Environmental Resources have been steadily supportive of our efforts and have been especially helpful in our outreach. Marie Cefalo, Water Conservation Coordinator, provided a wealth of information on Cary North Carolina's water conservation efforts and more will appear on the site as time goes on. Cynthia Rosenzweig and Radley Horton of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies provided precipitation projections for the 21st century. Joe Graziano, Habib Hassan, Yan Zheng and Lex Van Geen were responsible for the Bangladesh work behind the material on the website that puts Rockland County's arsenic exposure in perspective. Craig Steinmaus of The U. of California at Berkeley provided thought provoking charts showing deaths at the maximum contaminant limit for arsenic and a variety of drinking water contaminants. Bill DePouli of Port Washington prepared the Swansea Desalination case study, based in part on interviews with Robert Marquis, Superintendent, Swansea, Massachussetts Water District.
Stuart Braman, Adjunct Associate Research Scientist, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University
Annie Gerard, Systems Analyst/Programmer, Center for International Earth Science Information Network, Columbia University
H. James Simpson, Professor Emeritus, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Columbia University
Steve Chillrud, Doherty Senior Research Scientist, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University
Alison Keimowitz, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Columbia University
Martin Stute, Ann Whitney Olin Professor and Co-Chair, Environmental Sciences, Barnard College, Adjunct Research Scientist, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University
References: Rockland County Water & Related Climate Issues
sorted by page appearance
Supply - Sources
Aesbach-Hertig, W. , P. Schlosser, M. Stute, A. Ludin, and J.F. Clark, "3H/3He Study of Ground Water Flow in a Fractured Bedrock Aquifer", Ground Water, Vol. 36, No. 4, 661-670, July-August 1998
Distante, Don, United Water, memo and emails, March, April 2010
Miller, Daniel. County of Rockland Direct Testimony of Dr. Daniel M. Miller in the Matter of a Proceeding on Motion of the Commission as to the Rates, Charges, Rules, Regulations of United Water New York Inc. for Water Service, P.S.C. Case No. 06-W-0131, P.S.C. Case No. 06-W-0244, 2006
Supply - Past Droughts
Cook, Edward R. and Gordon C. Jacoby Jr.," Tree-ring-drought relationships in the Hudson Valley, New York", Science 198: 399-401, 1977.
Cook, Edward R.,and Gordon C. Jacoby Jr., "Evidence for quasi-periodic July drought in the Hudson Valley, New York", Nature 282: 390-392, 1979.
Cook, E.R., Meko, D.M., Stahle, D.W., and Cleaveland, M.K. 1999. "Drought reconstructions for the continental United States". Journal of Climate 12:1145-1162
Cook, Edward R., Unpublished data, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Tree-Ring Laboratory
Lyon, Bradfield, Nicholas Christie-Blick and Yekaterina Gluzberg, "Water shortages, development, and drought in Rockland County,New York." Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JA) 41 (6): 1457-1469, 2005.
Lyon, C. J., Ecology 17: 457, 1936
Northeastern USA drought percentage time series (Cornell)
Palmer,W.C.,U.S. Weather Bureau Research Paper 45: 58 pages, 1965 Accessed in June 2007
Supply - Climate Change
Climate Change 2007 - The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC (ISBN 978 0521 88009-1 Hardback; 978 0521 70596-7 Paperback) also online at: http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/ar4-wg1.htm
East Coast Climate Assessment, http://metroeast_climate.ciesin.columbia.edu/
Supply - Planning
United Water New York, Haverstraw Water Supply Project Draft Environmental Impact Statement, September 26, 2008
United Water New York, Long-Term Water Supply Project, January 2007
United Water New York, Long-Term Water Supply Project, September 2007
Thirsty City: A Plan of Action for New York City Water Supply
The Water Supply Project of the Citizens Union Foundation, January 1986
Supply - Desalination
Epsilon Associates, Final Environmental Impact Report Swansea Desalination Project, May 2005
Gleick, Peter H., Heather Cooley, and Gary Wolff, "With a Grain of Salt: An Update on Seawater Desalination", in The World's Water 2006-2007: The Biennial Report on Freshwater Resources, pp. 51-90, 2006.
Simpson, H.J., R. Bopp and D. Thurber, Salt movement patterns in the lower Hudson, Third Symposium on Hudson River Ecology, 1973, Chapter 9, 34 pp., Hudson River Environmental Society, New York, NY, 1974.
National Research Council, "Desalination: A National Perspective", 2008
Pisces Conservation Ltd., The Status of Fish Populations and the Ecology of the Hudson, Seaby, Richard M.H. and P. Henderson, April 2008
Demand - Global water Use
Loucks, Daniel P. and Eelco van Beek with contributions from Jery R. Stedinger, Jos P.M. Dijkman and Monique T. Villars, Water Resources Systems Planning and Management: An Introduction to Methods, Models and Applications, 2005
Demand - Rockland County Water Use
Cooley, Heather, A Review of the San Francisco Public Utility Commission's Retail and Wholesale Customer Water Demand Projections, 2007
Demand - Home Water Use Research
Aquacraft and American Water Works Association Research Foundation, Residential End Uses of Water, 1999
Demand - Conservation
EPA, Cases in Water Conservation, 2002
United States GAO, Water Infrastructure: Water Efficient Plumbing Fixtures Reduce Water Consumption and Wastewater Flows, August 2000
Vickers Amy, Handbook of Water Use and Conservation, 2002
Quality - Overview
UWNY (United Water of New York),Annual Water Quality Report 2005.
Quality - Arsenic
Ayotte, J.D.; Nielsen, M.G.; Robinson, G.R.; Moore, R.B. Relation of Arsenic, Iron and Manganese in Ground Water to Aquifer Type, Bedrock Lithogeochemistry, and Land Use in the New England Costal Bains; U.S. Geological Survey; 1999
Ayotte, J.D.; Montgomery, D.L.; Flanagan, S.M.; Robinson, JK.W., Arsenic in Groundwater in eastern New England: occurrence, controls, and human health implications, Environmental Science and Technology 2003, 37, (10), 2075-2083.
Chen, Yu and Habibul Ahsan, "Cancer Burden from Arsenic in Drinking Water in Bangladesh", American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 94, No. 5, 741-744, May 2004
National Research Council, Update on Arsenic in Drinking Water, 2001
Parvez, F., Y. Chen, et al. (2006). "Prevalence of arsenic exposure from drinking water and awareness of its health risks in a Bangladeshi population: results from a large population based study." Environ Health Perspect 114(3): 355-9.
Ryker, S.J., Mapping arsenic in groundwater. Geotimes 2001, 46, (11), 34-36.
Smedley, P.L.; Kinnibugh, D.G., A review of the source, behaviour and distribution of arsenic in natural waters. Applied Geochemistry 2002, 17, (5), 517-568
Steinmaus, Craig, Arsenic in Drinking Water: Health Effects and Current Issues
Wasserman, G, Liu, X, Parvez, F, Ahsan, H, Factor-Litvak, P, Kline, J, van Geen, A, Slavkovich, V, LoIacono, N, Levy, D, Cheng, Z, Graziano, JH: "Water arsenic exposure and intellectual function in six year-old children in Araihazar, Bangladesh." Environ Health Perspect 115(2) 285-289, February 2007
Wasserman, Gail A., Xinhua Liu, Faruque Parvez, Habibul Ahsan, Pam Factor-Litvak, Alexander van Geen, Vesna Slavkovich, Nancy J. Lolacono, Zhongqi Cheng, Iftikhar Hussain, Hassina Momotaj, and Joseph H. Graziano, Water Arsenic Exposure and Children's Intellectual Function in Araihazar, Bangladesh, Environmental Health Perspect, Volume 112, Number 13, September 2004
Yang, Q., H.B. Jung, C.W. Culbertson, R.G. Marvinney, M.C. Loiselle, D.B. Locke, H. Cheek, H. Thibodeau and Y. Zheng, Spatial Pattern of Groundwater Arsenic Occurrence and Association with Bedrock Geology in Greater Augusta, Maine, USA, submitted to Environmental Science & Technology, November 3, 2008